Parcel 1.1.2

Parcel 1.1.2

Chain of Ownership and Division

Nicholas Fitzhugh inherited this parcel and Parcel 1.1.6 following the death of his father, Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel), in 1783. It is Lot 2 of seven lots created by deed A2:186 in the division of parcel 1.1 (Ravensworth North) among Nicholas and four brothers.

About 1783, Nicholas established his residence here, becoming the first Fitzhugh to live on Ravensworth after 100 years of the family’s absentee ownership.1

Division of Parcel 1.1.2

In 1804, Fitzhugh sold 80 percent of the land (831 of 1062 acres), including the plantation dwelling house, to Dr. David Stuart. The name Ossian Hall originated with Stuart and identified the house and the property upon which it stood for the next 155 years. Fitzhugh retained 231 acres (Parcel

Division of parcel 1.1.2

Division of parcel 1.1.2

On David Stuart’s death in 1814, the Ossian Hall tract passed to his son William Sholto Stuart, and on William’s death in 1822, to his sisters Sarah, Arianna, Eleanor and Rosalie.

Thirty years after they were divided, the two tracts were reunited by Stephenson Scott and William Stephenson Scott. In 1833, they bought the 831-acre Ossian Hall tract from Stuart’s heirs. The next year the Scott’s bought Parcel from Nicholas Fitzhugh’s heirs – enlarged with additional land purchases.

Parcels 1.1.2 and reunited

Parcels 1.1.2 and reunited. Original boundaries are outlined.


Nicholas Fitzhugh bought and merged two adjacent tracts with this parcel: in 1805, 69.5 acres (parcel from his brother Giles Fitzhugh; between 1810 and 1814, 290 acres (parcel from the estate of Dr. Henry Rose.

Parcel plus additions

Parcel plus additions

Dying in 1814, Nicholas’ will devised his remaining Ravensworth lands to his sons. Unlike parcel 1.1.6, which was subdivided into separate tracts for the sons, this land was held jointly by them. In a series of deeds between 1818 and 1820, they released their claims to their mother Sarah Fitzhugh, in lieu of a dower.

Division and Sale

Shortly before she died in 1820, Sarah sold two adjoining lots comprising 134 acres (parcel to William Garges, who is credited with founding Annandale on this land.

Division of Parcel

Division of Parcel

Sarah Fitzhugh’s will devised the remaining 478 acres jointly to her daughters, which they sold in 1834. The buyers were Stephenson Scott and William Stephenson Scott, who in 1833 had purchased parcel 1.1.2. This reunited the two parts of the original 1.1.2 parcel.

According to Robert Moxham, it’s unknown whether and for how long the Scotts resided at Ossian Hall. Citing the Alexandria Gazette, he reports that by January 1837 William Brent’s “Seminary for Youths” was operating at Ossian Hall “where boarding students could be accommodated.”2

Periods of Brief Ownership

The Scotts held the land for just five years, selling all but about 140 acres (Parcel in September 1838 to William, Thomas and Henry Steers. Deed E3:270 identifies the sale of 1170 acres as comprising two tracts: 831 acres (named Ossian Hall) and 340 acres (unnamed). Subsequent deeds continue the separate identities, but name them Ossian Hall and Mount Olympus.

When and the reason for naming the smaller tract Mount Olympus are unknown. The same question arises for Parcel, which the Scotts retained. It is called Pine Orchard in deed G3:146, which gave sole ownership to Stephenson Scott in 1841. Perhaps the names reflect a custom that continues today of new owners giving names to their farms or estates.

The Steers family’s tenure on the land was even shorter than the Scotts’ – less than 12 months. A series of deeds between February and August 1839 passed ownership in stages to Thomas and Jane Crux.

Financial arrangements were key in all of the deeds back to the Stuart heirs sale to the Scotts in 1833. The Crux assumed obligation for $4000 plus interest still owed the Stuart heirs plus additional financing of the $7500 purchase price. These obligations would continue to affect future transactions by the Crux, requiring them to obtain releases to sell portions of the land.

Such was the case when the Crux sold 125 acres (Parcel to Isaac B. Newcomb during or before 1842 (no deed of sale found). In separate deeds (G3:357 and G3:361) the Scotts, the financial trustee and Stuarts granted releases required to give Newcomb clear title to the land.

In 1843 Thomas and Jane Crux sold 598 acres (Parcel to Francis A. Dickins, again with agreement of the Scotts and trustee. The Crux retained about 420 acres (Parcel

Stability Comes to Ossian Hall

The Dickins family acquired the majority of the Ossian Hall tract, including the Ossian Hall manor house. After 10 years of turnover and multiple owners, they brought stability to Ossian Hall and a residency that would last through the Civil War.

Second division of parcel 1.1.2, 1838 to 1843

Second division of parcel 1.1.2, 1838 to 1843

A Changing Neighborhood

The division and sale of land, in these years before the Civil War, brought the beginning of an influx of emigrants from northern states. William Gargas, who bought Parcel in 1820, moved from Bucks County, PA. The Steers and Crux families were from Sing Sing, NY, and Issac Newcomb from Duchess County, NY. They joined long-established residents as well as other newcomers like the Dickins family – Washington, DC residents with roots in Virginia and North Carolina.

Parcel 1.1.2 Chain of Ownership Documents

A2:1867/11/1797CourtNicholas, Richard, Mordecai, Battaile & Giles Fitzhugh1.1.1 - 1.1.7Survey (1792) and plat for divison of parcel 1.1 into seven parcels bequeathed to these five youngest sons of Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel) (died 1783)
E2:2899/21/1804Nicholas & Sarah FitzhughDavid Stuart1.1.2Sell 831 acres for 13,854 Spanish milled dollars and 15 cents
(will) K1:23810/17/1814David StuartWilliam Sholto Stuart1.1.2Bequeath Ossian Hall tract to his son
(will) M1:3866/18/1822William Sholto StuartSally, Ann C, Eleanor C & Rozalie E Stuart1.1.2Bequeath equals shares of Ossian Hall tract to his sisters
B3:1432/19/1833Obed & Sarah Wait, Arianna C Stuart & Eleanor C StuartStephenson Scott & William Stephenson Scott1.1.2Sell Ossian Hall tract of 831.25 acres for $5000, excepting burying ground of 1 acre
E3:2709/15/1838Stephenson & Elizabeth Scott & William Stephenson & Alice ScottWilliam, Thomas & Henry Steers1.1.2Sell 1170 acres (except 1-acre graveyard), two tracts - (1) 831 acres, part of Ossian Hall and (2) residue devised by Nicholas Fitzhugh to his sons - for $7500. Conveyed clear title except encumbrance of $4000 with interest from 1/1/1839 payable to Stuart family, secured by deed of Trust of 2/19/1833 from Scotts to Charles Colvert Stuart.
E3:28812/8/1838Henry & Gertrude SteersWilliam Steers & Thomas Steers1.1.2Grant and quit claim to Henry's share of title to 1170 acres acquired in deed E3:270 on 9/15/1838, due to inability to pay agreed upon part of purchase price.
E3:2851/19/1839Robert I TaylorArthurn M & Mary C M Payne, Lucy B Fitzhugh (2nd part); William Steers, Thomas Steers (3rd part)1.1.2Release title to the Steers in recognition that debt of $1000 owed to the Paynes & Fitzhugh by Stephenson Scott & William Stephenson Scott had been paid to satisfy Taylor's deed of trust that had secured the debt.
E3:2762/5/1839William & Margaret Steers & Thomas & Margaret Steers & Thomas & Jane CruxWilliam Benton1.1.2By a bond of same date of penalty of $19000 have become bound to Stephenson Scott to (1) pay to Oled Waite and others $4000 which will be due on 1/1/1843 plus interest paid annually until fully paid; (2) pay $5500 with interest from 1/1/1839 in installments . To secure bond, convey title to 1170 acres previously purchaed from Scotts and others in deed E3:270-a tract including 831 acres part of Ossian Hall & residue commonly called Mount Olympus; Steers & Crux retain possession and receive rents and profits . In case of default, Benton to sell whatever part of the tract necessary to cover arrears & expenses.
E3:2812/5/1839William & Margaret SteersThomas Crux1.1.2Sell for $3750 one undivided moiety (one half part) of a tract of 1170 acres, part of tract called Ossian Hall
E3:3716/28/1839Thomas & Margaret SteersThomas Crux1.1.2Conveys and confirms title to one-fourth part of two tracts - Ossian Hall & Mount Olympus, 831.25 & 340 acres rsptfly, Crux having paid 1st $2000 of $11,500 purchase price. Releases Thomas Steers from liability in joint bond to Stephenson Scott for the residue owed that was secured in deed of trust to William Benton on the said lands.
E3:4118/28/1839William & Margaret SteersThomas Crux1.1.2Conveys and confirms title to one-fourth part of two tracts - Ossian Hall & Mount Olympus 831.25 & 340 acres rsptfly, Crux having paid 1st $2000 of $11,500 purchase price. Releases William Steers from liability in joint bond to Stephenson Scott for the residue owed that was secured in deed of trust to William Benton on the said lands.
H3:0521/10/1843Thomas & Jane Crux, Stephenson Scott & William BentonFrancis A DickIns1.1.2.4- for $7800 two tracts of land, being portions of the Ossian Hall & Mount Olympus tracts, one of 514 acres and one of 84 acres (Parcel Cites history and obligations on the land conveyed. The Crux retain 430 acres (Parcel
G2:29712/8/1805Giles FitzhughNicholas Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Sale 69.5 acres (Parcel bordering Backlick Rd and Little River Turnpike
R2:3524/12/1818Augustine & Edmund FitzhughSarah Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Release claim to 590 acres of land during Sarah's life in lieu of dower from Nicholas Fitzhugh
R2:3543/5/1820Ann W RoseSarah Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Sell Rose's dower right to 290 acres for $389, confirming earlier sale (c.1809-1814) to Nicholas Fitzhugh, apparently without a deed, by administrator of Dr. Henry Rose's estate.
R2:3515/4/1820Sarah FitzhughEdmund Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Release claim during Sarah's life to land in lieu of dower from Nicholas Fitzhugh
R2:3565/5/1820Henry W FitzhughSarah Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Release claim during Sarah's life to land in lieu of dower from Nicholas Fitzhugh
R2:3575/6/1820Sarah FitzhughWilliam Garges1. two parcels (132 acres and 2 acres) for $2000
S2:1056/8/1820Charles FitzhughSarah Fitzhugh1.1.2.1Release claim during Sarah's life to land in lieu of dower from Nicholas Fitzhugh
S2:2807/3/1834Lawrence & Clarissa Fitzhugh"Henrietta S,
Lucy B, & Eliza Fitzhugh, Mary C M Payne & Sophia B White" and grant Lawrence's interest to his sisters of the balance of land Nicholas Fitzhugh devised to his sons (parcel (Apparently similar to other sons' releases to their mother, Sara Fitzhugh, before her death.)
B3:2829/27/1834"Henry, Lucy B & Ann Elisa Fitzhugh, Arthur & Mary C M Payne, Thomas & Sophia B White"Stephenson Scott & William Stephenson Scott1.1.2.1Sell 478 acres for $1912
C3:2511/21/1836William GargesNewman Burke & Silas Burke1. to secure $250 owed Silas Burke, due 1/18/1837; sell for $1 to Newman Burke tract of 132 acres but keep possession until default on the debt
G3:1466/2/1841William Stevenson & Alice L ScottStevenson Scott1.1.2.2Sell for $1, Pine Orchard, about 150 acres, part of property (parcel bought from heirs of Nicholas Fitzhugh in 1834
Q3:40111/14/1851Thomas R Love, et. al court commissionersThomas Cowling1.1.2.2sell for $2400 a tract of 160 acres owned by James Crutchett called "Pine Orchard," formerly occupied by Stephenson Scott (result of suit by Scott against James Crutchett (CFF83 F 35)


  1. In 1790 Fairfax County taxed property identified to Nicholas’ deceased father under the names of three apparent overseers and Nicholas, who was listed with seven slaves and four horses. (Fairfax County tax data for 1789 and 1799 accessed online in Binns Genealogy website, accessed May 6, 2013.) This indicates his presence on and active use of his land before 1790.
  2. Robert Morgan Moxham, Annandale, Virginia: A Brief History, ed. Estella K Bryans-Munson (Fairfax County History Commission, 1992),24