Chain of Ownership and Division
Richard Fitzhugh inherited this parcel following the death of his father, Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel), in 1783. It is Lot 4 of seven lots created by deed A2:186 in the division of parcel 1.1 (Ravensworth North) among Richard and four brothers.
By about 1790, Richard had established his residence here – the still existing Oak Hill. He lived on and managed the land as a working plantation with slave labor. The 1799 county tax rolls recorded 20 enslaved people in his household. The 1820 federal census counted 50, equally divided between male and female.
Richard Fitzhugh kept his inheritance intact except for 120 acres (parcel 18.104.22.168) that he sold to Charles Noland in 1816. This may be part of or near the tract Richard’s father leased to a Charles Noland more than 30 years earlier.
When Richard died in 1821, the remaining land passed to his widow Susannah Fitzhugh for her life and later distribution to Richard’s heirs upon her death. In 1857, after Susannah died, the land was further divided by the Fairfax County court among Richard’s and Susannah’s four living children, the estate of a fifth child and a grandson.
- Parcel 22.214.171.124 (352 acres) – Maria M. Fitzhugh
- Parcel 126.96.36.199 (345 acres, including Oak Hill) – David Fitzhugh
- Parcel 188.8.131.52 (368 acres) – Ann F. (Fitzhugh) Battaile
- Parcel 184.108.40.206 (399 acres) – grandson William Marbury Fitzhugh
- Parcel 220.127.116.11 (501 acres) – Harriet (Fitzhugh) and Berkley Ward
- Parcel 18.104.22.168 (497 acres) – H.A. White, Ex will of Caroline B. (Fitzhugh) White
David Fitzhugh died in 1868. His will bequeathed parcel 22.214.171.124, including Oak Hill, to his sister Ann F. Battaile and her heirs. Maria Fitzhugh, who died circa 1862/3, left half of parcel 126.96.36.199 to Ann and her heirs. In a long-running court case, Ann Fitzhugh Battaile v. Admr Of Maria Fitzhugh Etc, the court acted after Ann had died in 1880.1 In Deed Z4:397, the court granted half of parcel 188.8.131.52 to Ann’s2 heirs and half to the heirs of William Marbury Fitzhugh and Maria Ward.
Thus, Ann Battaile’s six children were to receive equal value shares of parcel 184.108.40.206, now enlarged by merger with parcels 220.127.116.11 (half) and 18.104.22.168 (less 11 acres sold in 1871 (parcel 22.214.171.124.2) to Vance Trumble. The Fairfax County Circuit Court partitioned the combined tracts in June 1880 in Deed Z4:402.
- Parcel 126.96.36.199.1 (83 acres), including Oak Hill) – Ann Battaile
- Parcel 188.8.131.52.2 (180 acres) – Benjamin Battaile
- Parcel 184.108.40.206.3 (172 acres) – Theodore Battaile
- Parcel 220.127.116.11.4 (171 acres) – Susan Battaile
- Parcel 18.104.22.168.5 (152 acres) – Eliza (Lizzie) Battaile
- Parcel 22.214.171.124.6 (148 acres) – Meade Battaile
Parcel 1.1.4 Chain of Ownership Documents
|A2:186||7/11/1797||Court||Nicholas, Richard, Mordecai, Battaile & Giles Fitzhugh||1.1.1 - 1.1.7||Survey (1792) and plat for divison of parcel 1.1 into seven parcels bequeathed to these five youngest sons of Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel) (died 1783)|
|N2:274||c. 1814||Richard Fitzhugh||Charles Noland||126.96.36.199||Sale approximately 120 acres. Deed book lost; see deed O2:153 (1814) between Richard Ratcliffe and several Noland and Askins family members.|
|1821||Richard Fitzhugh||Susannah (Meade) Fitzhugh||1.1.4||Life estate for land remaining after sale of parcel 188.8.131.52|
|Z4:141||1857||Court||Maria M. Fitzhugh, David Fitzhugh, Ann F. Battaile, William M. Fitzhugh, Harriet and Berkley Ward, H.A. White, Ex will of Caroline B. White||184.108.40.206 - 220.127.116.11||Division of parcel 1.1.4 among Richard and Susannah's six heirs|
|1865||David Fitzhugh||Maria M. Fitzhugh, Ann F. Battaile & heirs||18.104.22.168||Life estate to Maria; then to Ann and her heirs|
|N4:457||1871||Ann F. Battaile & children||Vance Trumble||22.214.171.124.1||Sale 11 acres bordering Braddock Road|
|Z4:397||12/9/1880||Court||Named heirs of the late Ann F. Battaile & William M. Fitzhugh & Maria Ward||126.96.36.199.1 & 188.8.131.52.2||Decision in Ann Fitzhugh Battaile v. Admr Of Maria Fitzhugh Etc; partitioned parcel 184.108.40.206 into two equal value parts: 168 acres to Ann Battaile's heirs (parcel 220.127.116.11.1), 176 acres to heirs of Wm M. Fitzhugh and Maria Ward (parcel 18.104.22.168.2)|
|Z4:402||7/3/1880||Court||Ann, Benjamin, Theodore, Susan, Eliza & Meade Battaile||22.214.171.124.1 - 126.96.36.199.6||Division of parcel 188.8.131.52 (enlarged by addition of parcels 184.108.40.206 (remainder) & 220.127.116.11.1) among Ann F. Battaile's six heirs (children).|
- Ann Fitzhugh Battaile v. Admr Of Maria Fitzhugh Etc, Fairfax Co., Index Number 1880-024″ Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index, n.d. ↩
- In Ann F. Battaile’s case, the portion granted to her heirs included three acres she had asserted ownership of and sold in 1874 to Oscar Newman (parcel 18.104.22.168.1.1). ↩