Chain of Ownership and Division
Giles Fitzhugh inherited this parcel following the death of his father, Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel), in 1783. It is Lot 5 of seven lots created in the division of parcel 1.1 (Ravensworth North) among Giles and four brothers. In an exchange of land among several brothers, Giles sold this parcel and parcel 22.214.171.124 to Mordecai Fitzhugh in 1798.
Before the exchange, but not mentioned in the deed to Mordecai, Giles had sold 25 acres to Colonel William Payne — Parcel 126.96.36.199, which included Payne’s Mill on Accotink Creek on land leased for many years by the Payne family. With this sale, Colonel Payne became the first Ravensworth landowner outside the Fitzhugh family.
- Lease Locations in 1792 – The mill location is marked on the plat.
In 1806, Mordecai sold 196 acres to Nicholas Fitzhugh (parcel 188.8.131.52).
The remainder of parcel 1.1.5 (shaded area in above image), merged with parcel 184.108.40.206, formed the unified plantation where Mordecai Fitzhugh lived and pursued a living in agriculture with slave labor. The 1799 Fairfax County tax rolls recorded 11 enslaved people in his household. The 1820 federal census counted 30, 16 male and 14 female.1 He established the family’s permanent home, Fountainbleau, near the southeast corner.
Disputes Over Borders
Mordecai did not further reduce these land holdings. However, several acres apparently were lost in law suits against neighbors that seem to be disputes over the correct location of the original boundary lines of Ravensworth at the northeast corner. (Compare the straight outside borderlines in the above image with those in the next image, which maps the division of the land among Mordecai’s heirs.)
Division of Parcel 1.1.5
After Mordecai Fitzhugh died in 1858, the Fairfax County court appointed commissioners and employed a surveyor to settle his estate in the case Mordecai C. Fitzhugh Adm. V. Mordecai C. Fitzhugh Heirs. Deed H4:257 divided his Ravensworth land among his wife and children, as the court directed: “…the allotment of Dower [i.e., widow’s share] to Mrs. Frances T. Fitzhugh widow…in the real estate whereof he died seized and a division of the residue amongst his heirs…”
- Parcel 220.127.116.11 (375 acres, widow’s dower, including house – Fountainbleau): Frances T. Fitzhugh
- Parcel 18.104.22.168 (217 acres): Henrietta (Fitzhugh) Swann
- Parcel 22.214.171.124 (174 acres): Mary Ann (Fitzhugh) Mason
- Parcel 126.96.36.199 (163 acres): Fenton M. Fitzhugh
- Parcel 188.8.131.52 (189 acres): Amanda M. (Fitzhugh) Gooding
- Parcel 184.108.40.206 (200 acres): Frances M. (Fitzhugh) & Sanford Hutchison
- Parcel 220.127.116.11 (215 acres): Lucinda (Fitzhugh) Henry
- Parcel 18.104.22.168 (284 acres): Juliana (Fitzhugh) Slade
- Parcel 22.214.171.124 (267 acres): Edwin C. Fitzhugh
Parcel 1.1.5 Chain of Ownership Documents
|A2:186||7/11/1797||Court||Nicholas, Richard, Mordecai, Battaile & Giles Fitzhugh||1.1.1 - 1.1.7||Survey (1792) and plat for divison of parcel 1.1 into seven parcels bequeathed to these five youngest sons of Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel) (died 1783)|
|Z1:236||9/1/1796||Battaile Fitzhugh||Giles Fitzhugh||126.96.36.199||Sale 600 acres; later sold by Giles to Mordecai in deed A2:377|
|A2:377||7/5/1798||Giles Fitzhugh||Mordecai Fitzhugh||1.1.5 & 188.8.131.52||Sale of 2 tracts: 600 acres and 1668 acres|
|Z1:515||4/12/1797||Giles Fitzhugh||William Payne||184.108.40.206||Sale 25 acres; Payne's former lease, site of Payne's Mill on Accotink Creek|
|G2:299||9/16/1806||Mordecai Fitzhugh||Nicholas Fitzhugh||220.127.116.11||Sale 196.25 acres|
|H4:257||11/2/1858||Court||Frances T. Fitzhugh & 8 children||18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124||Division of land among Mordecai Fitzhugh's widow and eight children: Henrietta (Fitzhugh) Swann; Mary Ann (Fitzhugh) Mason; Fenton M. Fitzhugh; Amanda M. (Fitzhugh) Gooding; Frances M. (Fitzhugh) & Sanford Hutchinson; Lucinda (Fitzhugh) Henry; Juliana (Fitzhugh) Slade; Edwin C. Fitzhugh|
- 1810 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Fairfax, Virginia, Page 195, Mordecai Fitzhugh household, jpeg image, (Online: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2010) (Digital scan of original records in the National Archives, Washington, DC), subscription database, http://www.ancestry.com/, accessed 6 July 2010. ↩