Role in Ravensworth – owner parcels 18.104.22.168, 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52.1
William Gooding, Jr. was born in Fairfax county into a family of six brothers and one sister. The son of William Gooding, his mother is unknown. In 1782 his father was a tenant of William Payne, Jr. on land Payne leased from Henry Fitzhugh (Colonel). The home was likely close to Payne’s Mill and Payne’s own residence.1 In 1789, William, Jr. was recorded still living in his father’s household. He appeared in a 1797 Fairfax County Court report of tithables (white males, 16 or older) responsible for road maintenance. He was one of 12 named for maintaining a section of the Alexandria-Centreville Turnpike road (today’s Braddock Road) west of Price’s Ordinary (intersection with Backlick Road). His position in the list of tithables suggests he may have then been living close to Price’s Ordinary.2
William Gooding, Jr. married Jane Davis (1773-1857) with whom he had six children.3
- Peter Gooding (1798-1859)
- Nancy Gooding (1801-1894)
- William H. Gooding (1804-1872)
- Maria Gooding (1805-1870/80) – married Samuel Howard (?-1860)
- Susannah Gooding (1806-1891) – married David Kennedy (1803-1873)
- Jane E. Gooding (1813-?) – married James Coyle (?-1863) about 1860. Jane reportedly was an invalid who became paralyzed at age 11.
From 1807 and until his death, Gooding held a license from the Fairfax County Court to operate an ordinary – a place of hospitality and lodging – in his home. The annual license required payment of a tax ($18.00 in 1813) and a bond posted by a responsible property owner (neighbor Price Skinner in 1813).
- Gooding’s Tavern became a prominent landmark on Little River Turnpike serving travelers and the local community, and in the Civil War several times the site of hostilities.
In 1814, Gooding purchased the 60 acres of land north of the turnpike that included his home and tavern. In 1821, he bought another 100 acres south of the road, where, in 1835, he expanded his business with a blacksmith shop and stables. In all, he acquired 525 Ravensworth acres.
In the 1850s the Manassas Gap Railroad (MGRR) took land from William Gooding, Jr. and his son Peter for right of way to build the railroad through their property on its path west from Annandale to Town of Providence (City of Fairfax).
The 1820 federal census counted nine free and 16 enslaved persons in William, Jr.’s household. Seven were identified as engaged in agriculture, none in manufacture or commerce. Either the tavern business was not counted as commerce or was minimal compared to farming pursuits. In his nineties in 1860, he was identified as a hotel keeper and the owner of a thriving farming business – as shown in this summary of Gooding family property holdings in 1860
Insights From Court Records
- The Fairfax County Court Minute Book (FCCMB) recorded each annual granting of a license to operate an ordinary. The citation for May 21, 1822 declared him “of good character, not addicted to drunkenness or gaming” – virtues in one operating a tavern. The citation for March 19, 1845 cited him as “a man of honesty, probity and good demeanor.”
- A much earlier entry for February 19, 1816 notes that a minor child relative, Robert Gooding, chose him as guardian.
- Minute Book entries also cited court cases in which William Gooding, Jr. was a defendant in suits brought against him by others: the state (1809), Henry Richards (1809), Jonathan Scholfield (1817) to recover goods, the county (1851) for “obtaining goods under false pretenses.”
- Other entries record assignments to make road surveys and bonds he posted to underwrite others assigned public duties.
A Self-made and Respected Man
When William Gooding, Jr. died at 93 in 1861, the Alexandria Gazette obituary summed up his life thus:
“He was, in many respects, a remarkable man. Without education, by his honest industry he amassed a comfortable independence, without ever stooping to a mean action.” The article recalled him as “familiarly known as ‘Old Uncle Billy.'” And “Travelers on the turnpike road…will long recollect the kindly cheer and genial humor of the old man, and his ever ready ‘Cornwallis’ [corn whiskey], which…was inexhaustible in its flow.”4
- Fairfax County will books D1:441 (5/27/1882) and D1:400 (9/16/1783). William Payne, Jr.’s will bequeath’s to his son Benjamin Clarke “my lease where he now lives and my lease where William Gooding lives and also my Mill Seat on Accotink Run.” ↩
- Beth Mitchell, Fairfax County Road Orders, 1749-1800 (Virginia Transportation Research Council, 2003), 174. Tithables appear to be listed geographically by residence location from west to east. Richard Lane, who had a lease close to Rolling Road, is listed first; Gooding is last following Nicholas Fitzhugh, whose property’s east border was Backlick Road where Price’s Ordinary was located. (Though unfounded, it’s tempting to think Gooding may have had some association with Price’s that informed opening his own tavern 10 years later.) ↩
- Gooding family genealogy provided by (1) Kathe Gunther, Family Group Sheet for William Gooding, unpublished genealogical document, and (2) Maddy McCoy, historian and historical preservationist, developer Slavery Inventory Database for Fairfax County, Virginia. ↩
- Obituary, Alexandria Gazette, 1/23/1861, page 3. ↩